Australia officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Capital is Canberra and the largest city is Sydney. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The population of 22.8 million is heavily concentrated in the Eastern states and is highly urbanized. Australia is the world's smallest continent and the largest island. It is like nowhere else in the world.
Australia has six states-New South Wales (NSW), Queensland(QLD), South Australia (SA), Tasmania (TAS), Victoria (VIC), and Western Australia (WA)-and two major mainland territories-the Northern Territory (NT) and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). state parliaments retain all residual legislative powers, including those over schools, state police, the state judiciary, roads, public transport, and local government.
Australia has a market economy with high GDP per capita and low rate of poverty. The Australian dollar is the currency for the nation, including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island, as well as the independent Pacific Island states of Kiribati, Nauru, and Tuvalu. After the 2006 merger of the Australian Stock Exchange and the Sydney Futures Exchange, the Australian Securities Exchange is now the ninth largest in the world.
Australia has no state religion, Australian Constitution prohibits the federal government from making any law to establish any religion, impose any religious observance, or prohibit the free exercise of any religion. In the 2006 census, 64 per cent of Australians were counted as Christian, including 26 per cent as Roman Catholic and 19 per cent as Anglican. About 19 per cent of the population stated "no religion" (which includes humanism, atheism, agnosticism and rationalism), which was the fastest-growing group from 2001 to 2006, and a further 12 per cent did not answer (the question is optional) or did not give a response adequate for interpretation. The largest non-Christian religion in Australia is Buddhism (2.1 per cent), followed by Islam (1.7 per cent), Hinduism (0.8 per cent) and Judaism (0.5 per cent). Overall, fewer than 6 per cent of Australians identify with non-Christian religions.
For International students It's a friendly, young, adventurous and stylish nation that welcomes international students. The entire country has unique animals and a fabulous climate. Aussies like the great outdoors, they love sport, worship their beaches, having BBQs with their mates and eating out at the 1000's of multicultural restaurants.
The population is comprised of over 130 nationalities which makes Australia one of the most multicultural countries in the world. This broad ethnic mix has created a rich cultural blend of languages, fashions, architecture and cuisines..
The Aboriginal people have lived in Australia for over 50,000 years and it is believed they are the oldest, continuous civilization in the world. You can enjoy a tour with an Aboriginal guide to learn about their unique relationship with the country and listen to their stories that have been handed down for generations.
You can also view their rock art which is the oldest in the world. When Aussies go to the beach they try and wear as little as possible. Australia is a land of extremes so make sure you come prepared. Up in the mountains down in the southern part of the continent its cold and snows from June to October.
Up further north its hot and humid from November through to March. Sharpen your spirit with an Australian adventure. Australia is vast with over 46,000 kms of replica watches coastline, over 3,000 national parks and 15 World Heritage sites. Many beautiful national parks are quite close to the major cities like the Blue Mountains National Park which has incredible mountain trails, flora and fauna and is only an hour away from Sydney. Tours run to almost all the national parks down under.
The wildlife is often thought of as quite frankly - weird. Australia has kangaroos which bounce along at a rapid clip, wombats which look like big ungainly dogs, cuddly fluffy koalas who spend most of time asleep in gum trees, platypus that live in rivers and have a duck-like beak and fur, wild dingos, emus which are a peculiar looking animal with a long neck and a funny haircut! There are over 1000 bird species in Australia with one of the most famous being the kookaburras which laughs almost like a human, and pretty pink galahs.
Starting at the budget level there are endless accommodation options including hostels, backpacker lodges, motels, cabins, camping grounds through to boutique hotels and resorts and onto major international hotel chains.
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There are three main types of higher education which lead to Bachelor, Master and Doctoral Degrees. There are 43 universities in Australia (40 Australian universities, two international universities, and one private specialty university). Most of the Universities come under the best 400 universities around the world list. You can study at the undergraduate level (Bachelor Degree) or postgraduate study level in Australia (Graduate Certificate, Diploma, Masters, PhD).
These institutions are closely linked with various industries. As a result, the courses are very practical and skill-based. Vocational courses are provided at both the government-funded Technical and Further Education (TAFE) institutes as well as private institutions. Many courses provide advanced standing into university degrees.
It is compulsory for children aged between 6 and 15, with matriculation exams for university generally taken at 18 years. Australian schools are public (government) or private (religious or independent).
Courses in English are undertaken for study, travel, immigration or business purposes. There are around 100 private English language centres in Australia. Some top ranking Australian universities and TAFE institutes also offer English language courses.
The Australian academic year begins in early February for school students and late February/early March for vocational and university students. universities and vocational institutes have two semesters, February and July. There is a four-week break after the February semester and around twelve weeks or more break after the July semester. Some universities have an October/ November inake.
Part time work during study period
The Post-Study Work stream offers extended options for working in Australia to eligible graduates of a higher education degree. Under this stream, successful applicants are granted a visa of two, three or four years duration, depending on the highest educational qualification they have obtained.
Students who successfully completed Bachelor or master Degree course with a duration of 2 years or more are eligible for a Post study work visa of 2 years.
Students who successfully completed master Degree Research with a duration of 2 years or more are eligible for a Post study work visa of 3 years.
Students who successfully completed Doctoral Degree with a duration of 2 years or more are eligible for a Post study work visa of 4 years.
During this period students are eligible to work unlimited hours or study.
Eligible students can apply for a job or Permanent Residency after the completion of the course. www.border.gov.au/Trav/Stud/Post#
Australian Universities provide wide range of scholarships to International meritorious students which help them to fund their studies. Scholarships are totally on the basis of the student’s academics. Scholarship covers tuition fees and may also cover the living expenses and travel.
Scholarships for coursework program mostly covers part of the tuition fees however, research programs provides funding up to 100% for tuition fee and good amount of money to cover living expenses.
Apart from the university and college scholarships, Government scholarships are also available for international student. The criteria of the Government scholarship is quite competitive as compare to the university scholarships. As the numbers of applications received are very high, it is advisable to apply quite in advance to get timely response.
General criteria of university scholarships: Scholarships are being offered on the basis of the academics,
Universities may consider you automatically for scholarship however few universities require successful admission and few more documents before they consider you for scholarship.
Here is a list of Indian and international scholarships with relevant description. Most of them are available currently while some have tentative deadlines. The eligibility to apply for any scholarship may vary in terms of various factors like age, gender, institution, courses, location and academic excellence.